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by shorting out electrical wiring This species has generated fire. In a Sydney hospital the wiring has been badly damaged an electric wheelchair was caused by it to some large and critical area of the hospital.
Map: Distribution of Coptotermes acinaciformis. Source: Australian Faunal Directory. Creative Commons licence: CC BY 3.0 AU
Coptotermes acinaciformis is present over the entire mainland, but and along some of the eastern shore, from Jervis
Bay in New South Wales to Cape Otway.
C. frenchi and C. lacteus are similar species. Soldiers are 4.0-5.0mm long, which can be smaller than C. acinaciformis, and their mind is pear shaped. They nest in tree trunks and assault sound timber, in mounds or in the ground in structures. They're a significant economic pest, but cause less damage than C.
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Soldiers are 1 1-1 3 mm long, workers 10-1 1.5mm and alates around 3 5mm with 50mm wings. They have curved yellow to reddish brown heads and black mandibles.
Mastotermes darwiniensis is seen as the most primitive termite species, using many cockroach-like characteristics that other termites do not have, like laying its eggs in egg instances in bunches and with an anal lobe at the base of the hind wings of the alates (as shown in the image below). .
Mastotermes darwiniensis nests are in the floor and it does not build mounds. They could have up to several million termites when food supplies are plentiful, although colonies aren't big in its own natural locations. This is when they are provided by activity with resources of moisture and food.
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It doesn't occur in tropical rainforest areas. .
Mastotermes darwiniensis is easily the termite in Australia in regard to the goods it can harm in buildings and agriculture along with the rapidity and extent of damage. Products attacked include any sort of timber structure, poles, railway sleepers, plant products including woven fibres, paper, sugar, flour, a selection of tree species and agricultural plants, bone, leather, dung, plastic electric cable insulation, lead piping, bitumen, concrete. .
There is a group of minor termite pest species That Are described below, Cryptotermes brevis, that is an introduced invasive species and can be explained individually, and also a major pest in this genus:
C. cynocephalus, Indo-Malaysian drywood termite: The tiniest Cryptotermes species in Australia. It forms colonies that are small and is of economic significance. Attacks sawn logs, timber and deadwood of trees. Soldier body length 2.5 3.7mm, head width rarely exceeding 1mm.
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C. domesticus: Occurs in northern Australia. Forms small colonies and is a pest that is small. Has been discovered in lumber, packing cases, flooring, doors, furniture in houses, logs. Soldier body span 3.2 5-5.90mm.
C. dudleyi: Pa DIL states it isn't established on southern Australia but is frequently found infesting wooden crates on ships entering N. Australia.
C. primus: Located in southern Queensland and coastal Regions of New South Wales. Types colonies that are small and is a pest of structures. Pa DIL reports it strikes timbers in buildings, like beams, sticks, floorboards, skirtings, etc.. Soldier body span 4-6.5 mm.
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The West Indian drywood termite is native to northern South America and among the termite pests. As a termite it doesnt need moisture that is publicly accessible to survive. It may infest mobile pieces of timber, making it effortless to disperse. Colonies are modest to 1000 individuals, but a high number of colonies may co-exist near each other in the same building or part of timber.
Heterotermes ferox mostly does shallow damage on weathered wood of poles, fences, posts, flooring and timber decking. Sometimes although It's usually of minor significance damages sound timber. Colonies are small and underground but it may have colonies near together. When disturbed workers and soldiers are not aggressive and moving.
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Ferox happens in Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. ABIS reports that the species is far more widespread, being located in southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and southern Western Australia, and is the most frequently encountered species of Heterotermes in southern Queensland.